Friday, January 31, 2014

Amazing “Hotdogs” That We Call Dachsunds

By: Eduardo C. Gonzalez

Dachsunds as a breed have existed since the 16th century. At that time they were called barrow dogs or badger dogs. Their modern name, dachshunds, is German for badger (dachs) dog (hund). Dachshunds are known for their hunting and guarding abilities.

Personally I grew up with 14 dachshunds which my mother raised and bred. Since my mother spoke Spanish, all the dogs had Spanish names. Our dachshunds were smooth coated.

There are three kinds of dachshunds, namely, the smooth coat, the long haired  and the wire haired dachshund. These dogs were produced through a blend of the miniature French pointer and a pinscher. The result was the smooth haired dachshund. However, there are other theories as to the origin of the dachshund, including the mixture of a miniature German pointer, a Bracke and a pinscher. In truth, there is no definite answer to how the dachshund originated.

The long haired dachshunds were believed to have been produced by breeding the smooth haired dachshunds with spaniels. Finally, the wire haired dachshunds came as a result of breeding smooth haired dachshunds with German wire haired pinschers and hard coated terriers. Breeders did this in the19th century. Though small, dachshunds are tough and agile hunters. they are particularly useful in hunting rabbits.

Today dachshunds are wonderful family pets that are bound to keep your home safe. They have a high energy level. They need food and lots of exercise. They are friendly, playful and loving dogs.

When my mother had these dogs, I would play with them and teach them tricks I have learned from experience what excellent guard dogs they are.

If you mix them with other pets they will be quite shy. They are easy to maintain and have medium tolerance to both hot and cold weather. I often miss growing up with all of these dogs around the house. Now, I have a wire haired dachshund. She is very good at hunting mice.She barks a lot at cats, and she has an excellent sense of smell. These dogs are independent minded but they will join any activity of the family, whether it is an out of town trip or just playing games with the family.

These are good dogs for children within the family. because they will protect them. If they do not know the child , they may snap at them. With strangers, they are watchful but they can also be reserved. Among the three varieties The long haired dachshund is the quietest of them all.

The wire haired dachshunds are outgoing. When I bring my wire haired dachshund, Mocha Barney, with me, she gets so excited and jumps straight into my car. She also loves to go out on long walks, but she keeps barking. I think she does this because she is trying to communicate with other dogs or she is announcing her presence.

All dachshunds must be taken for walks outside of the house. Make sure they are properly leashed. The sizes of the males and females are 8 – 9 inches long. The standard wieight is 11 – 32 pounds. They are prone to intervertebral disease. They have a lifespan of 12 – 14 years.

Wednesday, January 29, 2014

The Fine Looking Crowned Eagles

By Eduardo Gonzalez

The Crowned Eagles are also known as The Crowned Solitary Eagles or Harpyphaliaetus Coronatus. They are big and very strong.

They reside in the eastern and southern parts of America. These dark blueish gray colored eagles are well known for their distinctive black feathers upon their heads.The wings of the Crowned Eagles are long and wide. The colors of their wings are a bit darker than their bodies. Their tails are quite short and colored black, with a white band and white tip that can be seen easily. They are most easily spotted because their legs are yellow.The underparts of their wings are colored gray with black wing tips.

The male and female look almost the same in appearance. The younger eagles have brownish feathers above and their cheeks and post ocular (behind the eyes) areas have creamy feathers. They have larger dark stripes around the eyes and an underpart that is creamish in color with streaks of brown.

Like the older eagles, the younger ones also have divine looking crests. The Crowned Eagles resemble the Solitary Eagles in appearance. They arise from the same species . The Crowned Eagles are bigger in size than the solitary eagles. Their feathers are more faint . They possess wings that are narrower, with longer tails and a clear crest. When they do their calls, they emit a high pitched whistle.

The length of the Crowned Eagles are between 75 to 85 centimeters. They have wingspans of 175 to 183 centimeters. They weigh as much three kilograms. They feed on medium sized mammals, birds, reptiles and fish. They sometimes eat skunks, armadillos and snakes.

In Argentina, these Eagles will lay their eggs between the months of August and October. The eggs will hatch in November or December. In Brazil, they will breed during the months of July and November. They will build their nests with sticks and it will be built in a very high tree or ravine The female will lay one egg only and it will hatch in about 39 to 45 days. The eggs are incubated by the females and the males will deliver the food. The young crowne eagles will leave their prey nests, but they will be dependent on their parents for one year or even more. These birds of prey breed only once every other year.

Monday, January 27, 2014

The Cute Looking Philippine Tarsier

By Eduardo C. Gonzalez

The Philippine Tarsier is a very strange and queer looking animal. It is one of the smallest animals in the world. It can fit into an adult person's hand. These animals are very active at night.Their diet consists mostly of insects. The Philippine Tarsiers are scientifically known as ( Tarsus Syrchia ). They are found in Bohol, Leyte and Mindanao. The Tarsiers of Bohol are considered one of the world's smallest primates. In the Philippines this is an endangered species due to illegal loggers, among other threats. In the Philippines you can find three types of species. In Samar and Leyte, they are known as as T. Philipinesis. In Bohol it is known as T. Fraterculous and in Mindanao it is known as T. Carbonarius. You can find tarsiers also in Borneo, Sumatra and in Sulawesi, Indonesia. The Philippine Tarsier is said to be the oldest land animal species in the Philippines.

The Philippine Tarsier has gray fur and almost no fur at all in its tail. Their middle fingers are extendedly long. The length of their head and body are between 118 to 149 forty nine millimeters, or 14.9 centimeters. Their weight is around 113 to 149 grams, or about 5.25 oz maximum.

Their eyes are so big, with bony eye sockets that are bigger than their the case of either their stomach or brain case. The sockets of their eyes have post orbital closures (a bony wall). This keeps their eyeballs from being pushed by their strong temporal muscles (muscles used in eating) to the sides.

Their tails are some 232 centimeters long with practically no hair, swave for a tiny, bushy cluster at its tip. Their tails are used to keep them in balance. They prefer to have a straight standing posture. Their teeth are very sharp and this makes it easier for them to get hold of their prey. Tarsiers have only two incisor teeth on their lower jaw. Their heads strongly resemble that of owls. However, unlike owls, tarsiers possess a joint in the middle of it's skull base and spine. This allows its head to swivel at a 180 degree turn. The brain of an adult tarsier weighs four grams.

The name "tarsier" comes from their very large ankles that are integrated into the lower portions of their bodies. The ankles perform like suspension springs which, along with their lower limbs allow them to to jump like frogs, three meters, from tree to tree. The length of the ankles and lower limbs equal thrice the length of the tarsier's trunk.

Tarsiers live in and around the base of tree trunks and in the roots of plants like bamboos. Sometimes they reside in holes atop trees.

These animals hunt at night. With it's wide eyes open at day, they hide in sunken areas in the ground. When They live in captivity, they intermingle with each other. The females take care of their young ones. They eat leftovers of animal prey, crickets and cockroaches. In captivity they eat shrimp and fish with a bowl of water alongside.

They emit several sounds, some of which can be heard by humans, although a PMC report suggests they also communicate in ultrasound. The sounds which we can hear range from a loud piercing call to a sweet - like bird trill indicating a meeting of opponents. When engaging in conversation, they emit a chirping sound similar to a locust. Bird-like chirps indicate a tarsier is iin heat. Females make a unique, high pitched chirp when they are fertile. It is rather extraordinary.

Thursday, January 23, 2014

The Elegant Gray Headed Fish Eagles

The Gray Headed Fish Eagles (phaga ichitayaetus) are dignified looking eagles that live along sea shores and aquatic areas. These eagles weigh as much 1,600 grams to 2,000. They have heights of 65 centimeters. These birds of prey have been seen in lakes, water and slow moving waters that go through forests. They are often sighted in coastal areas, perched up on mangrove trees.These birds of prey can be spotted in countries like India, Sri Lanka, Indochina, Malay Peninsula and the Philippines. These eagles are nonmigratory.

Both Male and females look very similar. Their wings are grayish brown and so are their upper parts. They have white tails that are long with black bands forming at the end parts. The underparts of their brownish grey breast and bellies are a bit faint. They have under tail feathers that possess black terminal bands that are dark grayish brown. They have rather small heads that are colored grey. Their hook bills have darkish grey colors at the end parts. The Gray Headed Fish Eagles have pale yellow eyes. Their feet are colored greyish brown and their claws are colored black.These birds stay close to streams of water.

These birds of prey are fish eaters and they are adept at catching their prey with their claws. They stay on top of a perch while looking for prey. Once spotted, they will dive downwards on a short flight, their legs and claws aimed straight forward as they swoop down on their meal for the day. If the fish is quite large, the eagle will drag it to the shore They will never let their feet or body go down into the water. They also feed on dead fish, small birds and mammals.

Breeding season varies according to where they live. They will build their nests in forest that are near a body of water such as coast lands, swamps, lakes and streams. They will use the same nests that they have built over the years. Their nests can be built as high as 30 meters or higher. Their nests are made of sticks and leaves. The female eagle can lay as much as one to three eggs and the incubation period will last for one month. They will be fed by both male and female partners. Their feathers will start growing after 10 weeks.

Monday, January 20, 2014

The Huge and Powerful Bearded Vultures

The Bearded Vultures can be easily identified because they have black sideburns and red rings around their eyes. Their tails are long and shaped like wedges. Bearded Vultures have black marks on their faces and their wings are colored black.

Their necks, heads and bodies have a corroded color of orange.This is because they rub themselves in ferric oxide mud (a mineral form of iron) when they are in the wild.

When in captivity, bearded vultures are colored white. These birds of prey are huge in size with a length of 100 - 115 centimeters. their weight can reach four and one-half kilograms to seven kilograms.  In captivity they can live for as long as 45 years.

These birds can be found in Southern Europe among the mountainous areas. Because their food supply, which consists of roe, chanois, and deer has decreased, their population has lessened in number.

Their population is rather rare and there are about 600 - 1,000 pairs that are now living in Europe. Adults stay in one place only, and that is where they will breed.

Younger birds of these kind like to go further away over long distances. Normally those that stay in the Alps move along the Alps only, but others will move farther away to places like Belgium, Denmark and Norway.

Bearded Vultures start breeding early in the year. They normally breed when they reach the age of six to eight years old. If their habitat is in the Southwest part of Europe, they will start their breeding during the second week of December to the second week of February. If their habitats are located in the Alps, they will breed from the end of January to the beginning of February.

This is a strategy that they use because it is during these times that food is plentiful. They will lay two eggs and incubation will last for at least 58 days. It is normal for the first chick that hatches to kill the second chick. There are also chances that the first egg will never  hatch and the second egg hatches. The chicks will stay in their nests between 103 to 133 days in their nests.

The birds search for food above tree lines. 
They feed on dead animals and bones. These birds of prey are known as lammergeiers (bone breakers). They can eat bones as big a a sheep's backbone. If it is the too large, they will drop it on rocks from as high as one hundred meters so that it will break. This will break them into pieces and it makes it easier for them to digest. They have been spotted also dropping young tortoises and then eating them. They are known to drink a lot of water because the bones of these animals are dry. Their young ones in the nests are fed meat because they are not strong enough to eat bones.

Sunday, January 19, 2014

200 Words: Poems With Dad

By Mona Sabalones Gonzalez

When I was a little girl, every night Dad liked to sit on the balcony of our home in Greenhills on his lounge chair, and I usually sat beside him on a stool. At that time, he knew that I was writing poetry and my teachers thought I wrote rather well. So, he told me to write a poem about the moon.

I said, “Dad, why don’t you try to write a poem about the moon?”

Dad paused, then in that big, booming voice that masqueraded seriousness,  and hid well his uncertainty and urge to laugh, paused, stretched his hand in the direction of the moon and replied,


Then he paused again, as though he was thinking of his next line. Then he said,


Recently we had an incredible moon surrounded by a perfect circle. This photo fails to capture how fantastic that moon was. My photo kind of makes it resemble a fried egg, and doesn’t show the red and yellow rings that surrounded that particular moon.

The photo reminds me of the night that Dad made this poem. Both fail to capture the true magnificence of the moment.


The Spectacular and Stunning African Martial Eagles

The African Martial Eagles are located in the continent of Africa near the South Sahara Desert. It is considered to be the largest ea kind of Eagles in the African Peninsula. These attractive eagles can be easily recognized. Because it is rather large and because of the feathers it possesses. These eagles are very strong and because of this, their foot can break the arm of any human being.. The length of these eagles are thirty two inches. They weigh as much as fourteen pounds and their wingspan is about six feet four inches..Just like other eagles the females have the upper hand when it comes to lengths wingspans and weight..The feathers of these eagles are rather unique. They will have dark brown colors on their heads,upper chests, shoulders and backs. Their underparts are white with dark spots surrounding it. Their under wings are light brown. Their crests are not noticeable unless they are in a high state of alertness. They have short barred tails.

These Kind of Eagles are found in the Savannah and thornbush areas of South Africa in the southern part of the Sahara desert. They can also be located in Senegal and Somalia. They can also be seen in open plains and semi desert areas. Birds of these kinds are seldom seen in forests. .It is a fact that they do avoid thick tropical forests. If anyone wants to have a good look at these birds. Each pair will live in habitats that are fifty square. African Martial Eagles do not migrate but they can move for at least several hundred miles. They will avoid going to places where human beings frequently go.and they like to stay in barren places.

African Martial Eagles feed on a number of prey like birds ( bustards, francolins and guineafowls ).They also feed on squirrels, hares mongoose, snakes and lizards.. They will feed on anything it can get hold on. They have superb eyes and they can spot their prey even as far as five kilometers away. They will hunt during the day and their hunting mostly happens while they are afloat in the air. Sometimes they will hunt their prey by staying perched on a tree. These birds of prey will make circling moves around it's territory. When it spots it's prey, it will quickly sweep down and capture it's prey..

These Eagles will stick to their mates for life. Breeding depends on the location they are situated in..In the nation of Sudan their breeding season begins in January to June. In the country of Senegal breeding season for these birds begins in November to April.. Breeding season in other parts of Africa can begin from April to July. They will build their nests in big trees. From twenty feet above ground to eighty feet. Their nests is made of sticks and fresh leave. .It will measure six feet in width and length. The African Martial Eagle females will lay only one egg..Rarely does it lay two eggs. The incubation period will take forty five days. Females will do most of the incubation .The females will only leave their nests when they need to feed their young ones. It takes about ten weeks before the young eaglets feathers will grow.. They will start to fly at about one hundred days. These young ones will live with it's parents until it learns how to fly and hunt it's own food. This can take as much as six months. As soon as they learn everything,they will leave and look for their own territories.

Saturday, January 18, 2014

200 Words: It’s the Small Rituals

By Mona Sabalones Gonzalez

At the end of the day, people will most remember the small rituals.

Not the trips abroad, expensive shopping and plush restaurants. Remember the billionaire husband who berated his beautiful, famous wife to tears in a fancy restaurant? Didn’t Princess Diana die in a Mercedes Benz beside the son of a billionaire? These are not rituals.

The Good Looking, yet Fierce Looking Australian Wedge - Tailed Eagles

The Australian Wedged Tailed Easles are the largest birds of prey in Australia. Their tails are shaped like diamonds. The edges of their tails have a wedge like tip that opens up to resemble fingered wing tips. These Eagles have dark colored feathers until they reach the age of 10, when their feathers change and become a dark blackish brown hue. Adult females can be distinguished from their male counterparts because they are a bit faint. They have a wingspan of six feet to seven feet, and five inches plus a length of three feet and six inches. The weight of the females are between 8.4 pounds to 12.7 pounds. The males weigh 4.4 to 8.8 pounds.

These eagles soar in the air effortlessly for at least one hour and 30 minutes. They can fly a distance of 5,000 feet. They have telescopic eyes that spot their prey easily. They use gliding attacks to get their prey -- rabbits, jack rabbits, foxes, feral cats, and even the remains of dead animals. These are excellent birds of prey.

The Australian Wedge eagle spend most of their time standing on tree branches. They patrol the boundaries of their area, which is about nine square meters to at least 100 square meters. They live in open woodlands where the trees are well spaced. The presence of these eagles cause fear among smaller birds. This is because they know that they can be targets of these birds of prey.

You can find these eagles in Australia and Tasmania. When breeding season comes, the Australian Wedge Tailed Eagles will start to trim the feathers of each other, making themseves look beautiful. They will stay close to each other during this time, performing acrobatic stunts in the air. The male will go down with great speed and will rise again before he reaches the wings of his partner. Or, he may fy upside down while stretching his claws. The female may not even mind him. They will build their nest at least 30 feet above the ground or on the edge of a cliff.

They will build strong nests with sticks and leaves that have lengths of two to five meters and two to five meters depth. The females will lay at least two eggs. Both partners will incubate the eggs and this can last for 45 days minimum. When the chicks hatch, the males will hunt for their food. When the chicks are 30 days old, the females and males will both hunt for food. The young ones will depend on their parents to supply them for six months from hatching. They will leave their parents only when the next season begins. These birds of prey have a life span of 20 years.

Friday, January 17, 2014

The Remarkable and Stunning Steller's Sea Eagles

The Steller's Sea Eagles are dark colored and yet, they look magnificent. Their feathers are quite astonishing. These kind of eagles have shiny white foreheads, tails, shoulders and thighs.They are very active during day time. They are fish eating eagles. They feed mainly on salmon and trout. The Stellar Sea Eagle has spectacular vision, unlike other eagles. This is a great advantage for them. They are considered the biggest of all sea eagles in the world. Probably, they have the same behavioral patterns as other sea eagles, but this is not known for a fact. Very little is known about their characters and behavioral attitudes. These mysterious eagles weigh more than all other eagles existing in the world today. Steller's Sea Eagles can weigh as much as 15 to 18 pounds. The females weigh even more than the males, by as much as five to 10 pounds. These eagles have yellow beaks, feet and eyes.

They are rather scarce. Because of this, not much is known about them. Furthermore, they live in remote areas such as the Kamchatka Peninsula, the coastal areas that surround the Sea of Okhotsk, the lower areas of the Arnur River, northern Sakhain and the Shantar islands of Russia.. These are the areas where they spend most of their time when the season is warm. Some of these eagles stay there permanently. Many of these eagles fly to the south to the Kurii Islands of Russia. They can go as far as Hokkaido in Japan during the winter season. They do this because food is plentiful in these areas. You cannot find these eagles anywhere else, except in these places.

Since the Steller's Sea Eagles can see much further than any other eagle, they can definitely spot their prey. Because their eyes are set on the front of their heads, they can center their attention on their catch. This becomes useful to them especially when they are diving down from 100 feet to snatch their food.

They spend most of their time perched on tall trees. They wait for the time when salmon migrate from the ocean and swim towards the upper parts of rivers. This is when the Steller's Sea Eagles take full advantage and feast on their prey. They will catch breeding and dying fish, using their strong claws. The Steller's Sea Eagles can be seen standing on shallow water and ice. By doing this, they can get hold of their prey easily.

They are known also as aeries because they build their nests at the topmost of open – topped trees near rivers or stone filled cliffs. They place their nests 100 feet above the ground. Every year, the pairs of Steller Sea Eagles will return to their nests. They will add more materials to their nests. This is done so that they will be prepared when the females will lay their eggs.

It is normal for them to build more than one nest. These nests can have widths of six to eight feet and can weigh more than 100 pounds. This is the reason why at certain times, the branches of trees fall and break apart. During breeding seasons, these birds of prey make sounds similar to seagulls. Courting usually starts during the later part of the winter season. The females will start to lay green eggs, from one to three eggs at a time. Most of the time one chick will have fuzzy feathers which are considered unreal because it will slowly turn brown in about 10 weeks. These type of eagles will become sexually mature when they reach five years old.

200 Words: A Changed Man

By Mona Sabalones Gonzalez

He likes to visit without making appointments, and he complains all afternoon. He talks about how he is smarter than anybody, discourses on political issues and growls and shouts if you disagree with him. He drinks your beer and he smokes your cigarettes, even if you know very well that his are in his pocket. My husband and I don’t mind. We don’t smoke or drink, but we keep a stock for him.

I could never understand how my friend could be so patient with him, but she loves him. He has never held a job, but she’s content that she earns enough with her salary as a psychiatrist to keep him and their two children above water.

Thursday, January 16, 2014

200 Words: Feelings Can Deceive

By Mona Sabalones Gonzalez

Feelings are often deceiving. For example, I often go to bed at night feeling either completely unproductive, or totally so.  However, tonight I mapped out my day, and here’s what I accomplished:
  • Marketed some articles and fixed up this website. (It’s slow, but each small step brings the end closer).
  • The materials arrived today that will be used to transform my French doors into sliding French doors. It’s a great space saver.

Wednesday, January 15, 2014

The Stocky But Gorgeous Looking Crested Serpent Eagles

The Crested Serpent Eagles are dark brown eagles that are medium sized and have well rounded wings. They have wide shaped crests that make their necks look very thick. Their faces and feet are colored yellow. Underneath, you will find patches of white and yellow - brown colors. When they are standing on the branches of tall trees, their wings do not reach the tips of their tails. The tails and under parts of their feathers are colored black with wide white bars. You can see this when they are in flight. They have well formed wings that look like paddles.

Spilornis Cheela is the scientific name of this bird of prey. They can be found in well forested areas in the sweltering parts of southern Asia.You can spot these birds in India, Sri Lanka and particularly in the Philippines. These species can be seen in the southern islands of the Philippines where there are many forests. These birds of prey hunt downs frogs, toads, salamanders, reptiles and poultry. When it is soaring in the air it makes noise. The height of the adults are about 55 to 75 centimeters. Their wingspans are about 123 centimeters to 165 centimeters. They will weigh as much 420 to 1,800. They will live for at least 50 years and they will lay at least lay one egg. Incubation will last for at least 35 days.

They will build their nests at the highest parts of the trees that are well covered. These eagles will use sticks and fresh leaves as materials for their nests. Both partners will build the nests. After hatching occurs both parents will take care of the young chick. The male will be the one to get food and feed it, while the female protects the chick from the sun. Sometimes the female will help feed it. Feathers will start to appear after 21 days. After one month it can stand without wobbling. When it develops full feathers, it will fly with its parents. The young one will depend on its parents for some weeks more, and then it will be fully independent.

The Crescent Serpent Eagles will sit on high tree tops and will stay motionless until it has found its prey. When the prey has been spotted, it will go down vertically. They are adept at turning and twisting in flight, to capture its prey. It loves the tropical weather and it flies well. Pairs live together all year round and they hunt together at times. These are wonderful eagles to look at while they are soaring in the air.

Tuesday, January 14, 2014

The Sturdy Harpy Eagles

These kind of eagles are one of the largest eagles we have in the world today. As usual, like in almost all birds of prey, the females are larger in size than the males. Harpy eagles can grow at least forty inches. Females are much heavier in weight than males. The females will weigh between 13 to 20 pounds. Males will weigh only between nine to 11 pounds. They have the ability to change positions quickly while they are flying and about to attack their prey. This gives them a big advantage because they have to move around in dense forested areas. Their scientific name is Aguila harpia. Their wingspans are about seven feet. The color of their feathers on their wings are dark gray. Their wings are well rounded and quite large. The origin of their name is derived from Greek  mythology, referring to the eagle as fierce winged creatures with razor sharp claws.
Their feathers above their heads are neutral purplish black and the feathers underneath are white to light gray. They have a black band of feathers that start from their chests up to their necks. Their tails have lengthy feathers and parallel bars. The legs of these birds of prey are fully covered with light gray feathers. The feathers appearing on their feet are colored yellow. Both the heads of females and males have double crested large faint gray colors. Their crests start to appear when they are acting in an antagonistic manner or when they are alerted. Their face resembles that of an owl. Harpy eagles have colored dark brown eyes. The color of their hooked bills are gray. Their hooked bills are very strong.
These eagles will mate only once in their entire life. They will build their nests in tall trees, forty meters above ground. These eagles will build their nests using sticks that are loose and leaves that are fresh..They will lay two eggs. When the first one hatches, they won't mind the other egg. Incubation period will take about 52 to 56 days. The parents will feed the chick for about 10 months. They will start to have feathers and leave their nests when they reach four and a half to six months. They will not leave the territory of their parents for one year.

These birds hunt during daytime. They will feed on monkeys, rodents, large reptiles,sloths and other medium sized and large mammals that live on trees. They also hunt other birds. While flying,they can go as fast as 50 miles per hour. The males will hunt smaller animals. They have to hunt animals that weigh half their size. Their life span is about 25 to 35 years. The Harpy Eagles can be found in the rainforests of South and Central America. They can be found in Brazil, Ecuador, Suriname, Guyana, French Guiyana, Venezuela, Colombia, Paraguay, Bolivia, Northeast Argentina and Peru.

Monday, January 13, 2014

The Graceful American Bald Eagle

The American Bald Eagles are the National Bird of the United States of America.. Their scientific name is ( Haliaeetus leucosephalus ). They can particularly be found in North America. There was a time that bald was meant to be white and it did not mean not having any hair. You can find them as far as northern Mexico. More than half of the 70,000 bald eagles are living in Alaska. About 20,000 of them live in British Columbia. They like staying in these places because they feed on salmon. They are also called sea or fish eating eagles. They usually prey on fish, even fish that are dying. There are two types of American Bald Eagles The Northern and Southern Bald Eagle. The Northern Bald Eagles are slightly larger than the Southern Bald Eagles. Recently, they have stopped branding these eagles. They are just called " The American Bald Eagle." The reason for this is that they migrate to each others territory.

The color of both male and female bald eagles consist of having a blackish kind of color on their backs and necks. Their heads are colored white while their beaks and feet are yellow. The juvenile bald eagles' colors have a combination of brown and white. The beaks of the young birds are colored black. The adult feathers appears when they are fully aged and when they have matured sexually.Some of these eagles develop leucism, a kind of genetic mutation that can produce an effect or change of colors in their feather pigmentation. These kind of eagles have spots of white feathers on their bodies and wings. They can have faded and faint colored feathers. Others may have totally white feathers.
The length of females are about three feet, while males are smaller. The wingspan of females can reach up to seven feet, while the males will reach a wingspan of six feet. They will weigh around 10 to 14 pounds. They will live between 20 to 30 years. They usually live near rivers or any body of water. This is their primary hunting ground. They catch their prey by plunging on them and grabbing the fish that are near the top of the river or lake. The male and female bald eagles work like a team. They help each other in building their nests on top of a tree. They usually construct their nests using sticks. Their nests can weigh as much as one ton. It can measure up to eight feet across. The moment one mate dies, the other one will search for a new mate.Their mating season starts from late September to early April. It also depends on the location that they are in. The females lay their first eggs five to 10 days after they mate. The eggs have to be incubated for 35 days. The females will lay between one to three eggs.

Saturday, January 11, 2014

The Superior and Swift Moving African Crowned Eagles

The African Crowned Eagles live in tropical forests that have thick growing, tall and wide leaves that the evergreen tree do possess. The forest must have a high yearly rain fall. You can find these eagles in Africa This kind of eagle can measure up to ninety centimeters. Their tails are long and short rounded wings. It's wingspan measures two meters. Because of it's shape,it can ideally adapt to it's surroundings. They have powerful beaks. These eagles have a ridgelike formation at the back of their heads and it spreads out when they become very assertive..The females are bigger than the males and they have more marks below. The females have one less wing bar than it's male counterparts It is so powerful and because of it's strength it can hunt down any prey that weighs thirty five kilograms. The Africans have a side name for this particular eagle. It's known as the “ leopard of the air. This is because it moves so fast while in flight and when it hunts it's prey. The claws of these eagles has the the force to destroy the skull of a monkey. Because of it's strength it kills it's prey right away. They also feed on small mammals like hyraxes, small antelopes, guinea fowls, golden pottos, and mouse deers.

These particular eagles loves to be moving around and it is so mobile. I will move from place to place until they becomes adults.. Curing this time, they will find themselves a mate . It will protect a big part of their territory. They will fly on a regular basis, encircling their territory. Crowned Eagles will make loud calls from the covers they have made from the leafy upper branches of the frees. Their nest is so strongly built. It could reach up to eight feet,across twigs and branches. The structure consists of feathers and leaves. It can be used for a number of years.

The female will lay two eggs and incubation will last for fifty days. The moment the egg hatches,the oldest of the two usually survives. After one hundred days, the chicks will start to fly and leave the nest. They stay with their parents for one year. Both of the parents share in the food and in the incubation process. Crowned eagles are not an endangered species. Their numbers in the wild are only around ten thousand. They are very sensitive and they can sense if their habitat is in danger. They are so adept in flying and it is so nice to watch these eagles when they are up in the air.

Wednesday, January 8, 2014

The Attractive White Headed Brahminy Kite Eagles

The Brahminy Kite Eagles scientific name is Haliastur Indus. They are medium sized eagles and can be well distinguished because of their head s and breast are white colored. Their bodies look so impressive because of their reddish brown colors. They have short legs without any feathers but their wings are quite wide..Their wing tips are dark colored. The jaws are colored lemon yellow. and are sturdily hooked..

They are usually found in coastal areas., wetlands and swamplands Both wings are at par with each other. Brrahminy Kite Eagles stay around these areas because these are the the places where they can find their food. They can be found here in the Philippines. These are skillful eagles and they can get hold of their prey while they are in flight. .One of the better skills of these birds of prey is that they can take food away from other birds. They are known to feed on fish, insect and animals ( live or dead ). These eagles will reach measurements of 45 centimters to 51 centimeters.

When they start to build a rather large nest, this means it is breeding time. .Breeding depends on the location they are in. The materials needed are sticks, seaweeds and are incorporated with softer materials. They build their nests in mangrove trees or trees are alike. They look for a place that is shaded that will give them protection. The females will lay two eggs These two will be incubated for two weeks. Their feathers and plumage will start to appear after seven to eight weeks. If the two eggs hatches, usually it is the strongest of the two that survives..

These birds are so wonderful to watch while they are in flight and about to catch their prey.

Monday, January 6, 2014

The Amazing Philippine White Bellied Sea Eagle

Truly Amazing!

The white bellied sea eagle originated from India. They could travel so far and have migrated as far as as Southeast Asia, Australia and Papua New Guinea. When they sense trouble in a certain place, that's when they start to move out. What's so marvelous about these birds of prey is that they have the stamina to go to different places. Here in the Philippines, they stay in nearby coastal places. It's hard to distinguish them when they are in flight because they fly rather high. The moment they start to swoop down on their prey, then and only you can see the beauty of these birds, It's so wonderful to see them when they start on their descent.

Upon reaching adulthood, they will have white feathers on their heads, breasts, bellies, under areas of their wings and tails Their jaws and eyes are colored dark, while their claws are dark yellow. Their scientific name is Hallaetus Leucogaster. It's quite interesting to know that the females are larger in size when compared to their male counterparts. The females can measure at least 36 inches and they could weigh as much as 4.5 kilograms. The males will measure only 32 inches and will weigh at most 3 kilograms. When these birds flying, their wingspan can reach as much as seven feet.This is why they look so lovely and it's a pleasure to see them while they are in flight. Anyone who has the opportunity to to look at them will surely want to take a picture of them. They are considered to be one of the longest living species of birds. They are vulnerable to hunters because they can be sold at a high price.
In the Philippines, you can find these birds of prey in Palawan, Davao, Cebu and in other coastal places. Their food consists of fish, small animals, reptiles,lobsters, shrimps, crabs and parts of butchered animals. It goes down at a forty five degree angle and they do this when they try to catch their prey.. These birds are very territorial. They live together with their mates. When one of them dies, they have to travel a long distance in search of a new mate. It is during the dry season that they breed. The females are the ones to choose the trees and the tree of their choice has to be tall. This is where they will construct their nests. These sea eagles will usually lay 2 colored eggs. These eggs have to be incubated for two weeks. When the eggs hatch, the males now will look for food and when the food is ready, the females will feed their young chicks.. These chicks are colored brown during it's first year of birth. They are fully grown at the age of six. This is the time for them to fully go on their own and seek their own destiny.

These are really great looking birds.

Sunday, January 5, 2014

The Majesty of The Philippine Eagle -- The Largest Eagle in the World

The Philippine Eagle

The Philippine eagle is one of the largest of it's Kind existing here on earth today. Deforestation has caused this majestic looking mammal to decrease in number. There are a few hundreds of them that are living in the wild today. They can be found in the provinces of Leyte ,Mindanao, Samar and parts of Luzon. With the devastation of Leyte, by Typhoon Haiyan, these beautiful looking eagles must have migrated to other places like Samar or even other parts of Luzon and Mindanao. This species is known as pithecophaga jifferiyi. It is also called Haribong or Haring Ibon. If you translate it in to English, it's called King Eagle. Their prey consists of toddy cats known as palm civets. In the wild they are known as monkey eating eagles. This monkey eating eagle feed also on such animals like: large snakes, monitor lizards and even horn bills. These great looking bird was discovered by an English Explorer named John Whitehead.

The wingspan of these large eagles can reach as much as seven feet and they will weigh as much as fourteen pounds. They have long tails, which allows them to change position so fast while it tracks down it's prey. The eagles nape has nice looking brown feathers rough looking crest. Their back portion is dark,while the underside and under wings are white. This type of eagle possesses a dark face and a milky brown nape and crown. Their legs are heavy and are colored yellow. These huge birds have dark claws that are so powerful. The Philippine eagle has large and deep beaks which are high- arched. The color of their beaks are bluish gray. The color of their eyes are blue – gray.

It has been difficult for these eagles to look for their prey because most of their former habitat are gone. They have one fierce enemies, the illegal loggers who are responsible for these birds almost becoming non – existent. They do make loud noises and high pitched whistles. The Philippine Eagle is the national bird of the Philippines. The established Philippine Eagle Foundation located in the province of Mindanao aims to save this bird by conservation and proper education. Their captive and breeding has produced good results there are a bit more than twenty pairs of birds in it's fold today

Let us preserve the Philippine Eagle because it is our national treasure.